mini-series episode 4 | beginner's guide to colour
This episode is all about using colour in the garden. For both Sarah and Arthur, colour is incredibly important. They are both drawn to intense, saturated colours and this was part of how they came to know each other, after Arthur read and loved Sarah’s book The Bold and Brilliant Garden. There is no such thing as a wrong colour in the garden but there can be colour combinations that don’t work. At Perch Hill, Sarah works with 4 colour palettes or families. She explains here how she uses them to create stunning pots and borders in the garden and to put together beautiful floral arrangements.
in this episode, discover...
- Sarah’s 4 colour palette families including dark and rich and boiled sweets
- Why the flowers in her soft and warm palette are like cashmere jerseys
- How to combine and contrast different palettes to avoid a razz-ma-tazz and riot of all colours
- Sarah’s bride, bridesmaid and gate crasher recipe for perfect pots, borders and bunches of flowers
- Sarah and Arthur’s favourite plants for each colour palette
Sarah has always been drawn to colour, even as a child. It is one of the reasons she became a gardener, along with a love of nature and seasonality. When she first started gardening, she was in slight danger of creating a garden of the liquorice all sorts brigade, with crazy colours in every direction. Her neighbour’s garden was a bit like this and while she admired him greatly, she played it safe for her first garden, using tones of silver, mauve and blue, which she ultimately found boring. When Sarah moved to Perch Hill, she was increasingly becoming drawn to using plants in velvety, enveloping, rich textural colours. Rich crimsons, deep purples, oranges, colours that wouldn’t be out of place in a Venetian palazzo. These are the colours of her first palette:
1) Dark and rich
Rich – copper, mahogany, crimson, gold, deep velvet purples, vermilion orange — enveloping and comforting
2) Boiled sweet
Her second colour palette are the boiled sweets (or what Arthur calls the stained-glass colours) – tangerine orange, red, sharp yellow, amethyst purple, blue, deep pink, lime green— stirring and exhilarating
The colours in this palette have a sharpness and brightness to them and look exactly like a jar of boiled sweets. They look beautiful scattered as highlights through flowers from the dark and rich palette, acting like a squeeze of lemon on smoked salmon, to enhance the overall effect.
This also applies to foliage. Arthur loves Venetian tones in his flowers and he uses acid green Euphorbia oblongata as his boiled sweet contrast. Or Nicotiana ‘Lime Green’ – good in shady places, or Zinnia ‘Benary’s Giant Lime’. Palette 1 and 2 are the colour families Arthur likes working with to create exciting, stimulating combinations
The boiled sweet palette on their own can look too primary school painting or Ikea. A dash of sobriety from the dark and rich palette makes a great combination.
How Sarah balances her colour palettes
Sarah has developed a method of using colour that evolved from her floristry teaching and how she would choose which flowers to arrange. She also uses this method for planning a planting combination for a border or pot. If the main emphasis is dark and rich, then she’ll add a scatter of boiled sweet, or vice versa.
First she will look for her bride, the most sumptuous flower in the garden at that time, with a wow factor. Something like claret Dahlia ‘Rip City’.
Then she would pick a bridesmaid, something the same colour or similar to the bride, but a bit smaller, to back up her bride. A classic bridesmaid for ‘Rip City’ is Cosmos ‘Rubenza’.
· Gate crasher
Finally, she would go to another colour palette, in this case the boiled sweet palette, to add brilliance and contrast, like a fun, exciting gate crasher who livens up the party. For this combination she’d go for an orange dahlia, semi double ‘Waltzing Mathilda’.
Using white in the garden
The first two palettes have no white or almost no white. The next two palettes are mainly white, and are quite cool or soft pastels - not Arthur’s favourites!
3) Soft and warm
Based on white but with browns and oranges mixed in to give a milky coffee colour, apricot, peach — like cashmere jerseys, very gentle and calming.
They don’t have blue or purple tones. On their own they can be too sweet and sickly but if you thread through a dusting of some crimson or bronze or mahogany, from palette 1 dark and rich, they work really well. Especially beautiful combined in the vase.
4) Soft and cool
Mauves, cool yellows primrose, silver and cool blue pinks which are mixed with lots of white as well as pure white and ivory. Light delicate, peaceful.
Sarah tried these colours in her Farmhouse Garden but it’s not a palette she responds to.
Favourite plants by colour palette
Dark and rich
Crocosmia ‘Easy Lucifer’ – Arthur picks this easy to grow, late summer perennial with vibrant vermillion flowers.
Cosmos ‘Rubenza’ – the darkest, richest cosmos and Sarah’s current favourite. Very easy to grow from seed.
Dahlia ‘Bishop of Auckland’ - the perfect dahlia, with velvety, crimson, single flowers and dark crimson leaves.
Calceolaria ‘Kentish Hero’ – striking dark rich mahogany velvet flowers all through the summer months, and good in shade and pots.
Dahlia ‘Blue Bayou’ – clear mauve purple flowers adored by butterflies.
Papaver nudicale ‘Champagne Bubbles’ – an Icelandic poppy that Sarah uses a lot in flower arrangements and scattered through garden for sharp highlight points. It comes in a beautiful mix of white, pink, yellow and various tones of orange. Flowering on and off for over six months, with great chiffon cup flowers which last well once cut.
Soft and warm
Dahlia ‘Mango Madness’ - Arthur loves to use this dahlia in the vase, with warm butterscotch, crème brûlée colours
Phlox ‘Crème Brûlée’ – great for a cut flower, every flower a slightly different mix of coffee mousse with a wash of cassis. Subtle, smoky and unbelievably pretty.
Calendula ‘Sunset Buff’ – an easy to grow garden plant, soft buff apricot flowers with a crimson reverse.
Thunbergia ‘African Sunset’ – Sarah’s number one mainstay plant for this palette with flowers in all the colours of a spectacular sunset.
Soft and cool
Cosmos ‘Purity’ - large, open flowers of pure white, with delicate apple-green foliage. The classic cut flower and a supremely lovely garden plant, which no one should be without.
Sweet pea ‘Aphrodite’ – popular with florists, a pure white, very floriferous sweet pea with lovely long stems and lots of flowers.
Find out more
For more on Sarah’s use of colour in the garden read her books:
Bold and Brilliant Garden
Or Arthur’s book:
You can also listen to podcast episode 23 bold and brilliant colour